Posts Tagged ‘Information’

Posted: January 6, 2013 by Wildcat in Uncategorized
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[Artificial Intelligence] may well be the most vital of all commodities, surpassing water, food, heat and light. Without it, we will certainly not survive as a species.

One of our problems is data – masses of it. A few hundred years of scientific inquiry and the invention of the data-generating and sharing mechanism that is the internet has left reams of crucial information unused and unanalysed.

AI is not about sentient robots, but machines that mimic our organic intelligence by adapting to, as well as recognising, patterns in data. AI is about making machines understand.

Jamie Carter / Peter Cochrane, { South China Morning Post } (via olena)

According to psychological lore, when it comes to items of information the mind can cope with before confusion sets in, the “magic” number is seven. But a new analysis by a leading Australian psychiatrist challenges this long-held view, suggesting the number might actually be four. In 1956, American psychologist George Miller published a paper in the influential journal Psychological Review arguing the mind could cope with a maximum of only seven chunks of information. The paper, “The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two. Some Limits on Our Capacity for Processing Information”, has since become one of the most highly cited psychology articles and has been judged by the Psychological Review as its most influential paper of all time. But UNSW professor of psychiatry Gordon Parker says a re-analysis of the experiments used by Miller shows he missed the correct number by a wide mark. Writing in the journal Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, Scientia Professor Parker says a closer look at the evidence shows the human mind copes with a maximum of four ‘chunks’ of information, not seven. “So to remember a seven numeral phone number, say 6458937, we need to break it into four chunks: 64. 58. 93. 7. Basically four is the limit to our perception. “That’s a big difference for a paper that is one of the most highly referenced psychology articles ever – nearly a 100 percent discrepancy,” he suggests.

Four is the ‘magic’ number for our mind coping with information | ZeitNews

This is the “information age”, we all know that. Laptops and smartphones wing uncountable amounts of information between us, across the airwaves and down wires and optical fibres. Bank transactions, weather reports, news stories, love stories and break-ups are being communicated through the ubiquitous ability of the machines around us to process information. But why should we call this the information age rather than, say, the decades after Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press in 1450 and began the publishing revolution? What about when the first fragments of paper were made more than 2,000 years ago, allowing (relatively) easy sharing of stories or administrative records? Or how about the earliest known records of writing, Sumerian clay tablets etched with cuneiform script? Or the invention of language some time in the prehistory of our species? At each stage, humans wanted to communicate something. At each stage there has been information, and information has propelled the evolution of our society. James Gleick, the doyen of science writing and the author of the hugely successful Chaos as well as biographies of Richard Feynman and Isaac Newton, reviews the history of humanity through the lens of our attempts to make communication faster, more efficient and more available.

The Information: a History, a Theory, a Flood by James Gleick – review | Alok Jha | Science |

Posted: November 13, 2012 by Wildcat in Uncategorized
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The secret of DNA’s success is that it carries information like that of a computer program, but far more advanced. Since experience shows that intelligence is the only presently acting cause of information, we can infer that intelligence is the best explanation for the information in DNA.

Jonathan Wells (via inthenoosphere)

Posted: November 6, 2012 by Wildcat in Uncategorized
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Up to now, mechanics carrying out complex repairs relied mostly on information from handbooks to guide them. But leafing through books tended to break concentration and repairs took longer. This situation is by no means improved by using PCs or laptops to call up the information; mechanics still need to click their way through page after page to find what they need. Another disadvantage is that tools have to be put to one side in order to deal with the book or computer. Researchers at the Fraunhofer Center for Organics, Materials and Electronic Devices Dresden COMEDD have been working for several years designing interactive HMDs – Head Mounted Displays – based on OLED technology for just such applications. These displays offer access to what is known as “augmented reality”, enhancing the real world with additional visual information. Navi-gating through this augmented reality used to require data gloves or a joystick. Now COMEDD scientists, working together with their colleagues from the Fraunhofer Institute for Optronics, System Technologies and Image Exploitation IOSB in Karlsruhe and near-the-eye technologies specialist TRIVISIO, have succeeded in developing data glasses fitted with displays that can be controlled by the movements of the human eye. Mechanics wearing such glasses are able to assess the damage while also using their eyes to turn the pages of the virtual instruction manual. The system will be on display at the joint Fraunhofer booth in Hall A5, Booth 121, at the electronica trade fair in Munich, from November 13–16. Photodiode detects eye movements (via Novel Data Glasses with an OLED microdisplay: Looking for information? | ZeitNews)

Posted: October 20, 2012 by Wildcat in Uncategorized
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Until recently we’ve only been able to speculate about story’s persuasive effects. But over the last several decades psychology has begun a serious study of how story affects the human mind. Results repeatedly show that our attitudes, fears, hopes, and values are strongly influenced by story. In fact, fiction seems to be more effective at changing beliefs than writing that is specifically designed to persuade through argument and evidence.

Why Storytelling Is The Ultimate Weapon | Co.Create: Creativity Culture Commerce

Posted: October 10, 2012 by Wildcat in Uncategorized
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Imagine seeing life through one eyeball but then being given the ability to view the world through two or even three eyeballs at once. You would be greeted with not just more data about your surroundings but a better perspective of how all of that data fit together.

This is the explanation that photographer Rick Smolan gave to his 10-year-old son when asked the meaning of “big data,” according to a story he recounted Tuesday at an event he organized in New York City to announce his latest social experiment: The Human Face of Big Data.

For years researchers and technology companies have talked up the notion that extracting meaning from massive amounts of sensor data—produced everywhere from the oceans’ depths to city streets to satellites circling the planet—will have a profound impact on the quality of our lives. Smolan’s project—launched through his production company Against All Odds and sponsored primarily by EMC Corp.—seeks to highlight big data’s potential by culling information directly from mobile gadget users worldwide.

Information Nation: Digital Social Experiment to Put a Human Face on Big Data: Scientific American